Who could become monarch – Czech kings

Czech king - Venceslas II.

Important question that had to be taken into account during the monarch election was the question of the right of succession to the throne. It was all about the determination of the person that would take up the royal throne after death or resignation of the current monarch.

Traditional Royal Route

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Emperor and czech king Charles IV. (Karel IV.) Semi-salic law – The first kind of succession was the so-called semi-salic law. According to this law it was the first-born person descending from the older line who had the absolute preference. The male members also had the preference to the females. Women thus could start to rule only if there was no other male member. A good example of this election is also Maria Theresia.

Salic law – This succession law is based on the previous type with one single difference – women are excluded from the law. They cannot seize the throne even if they are the only living representatives of the existing dynasty.

Seniorate and Juniorate – Seniorate guarantees the succession law to the eldest member of the currently ruling dynasty. The contrary is Juniorate based on which the succession law to the throne goes to the youngest member Php Aide of the dynasty.

Majorate and Minorate – Majorate is another type of the succession rule – the succession law is admitted to the eldest from the closest legal heirs of the last monarch. If Minorate is applied, it is the youngest of the closest legal heirs who seizes the throne.


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The primogeniture Czech king - George of Poděbrady (czech: Jiří z Poděbrad)
However the primogeniture is crucial providing the first-born child with the hereditary title. The preference always goes to the first-born male member and if there is no male offspring the eldest woman takes up the throne.

Another possibility of taking up the throne in case that the previous possibilities have been spent is the election or appointment of a new monarch. The election of the new successor used to be influenced by the last will written by the king before his death. He or she formulated his/her wishes concerning the future successor to the throne. The choice of the new monarch was further decided by the peers in particular, in some cases also by the citizens. High-ranking church dignitaries also affected the election – they evaluated the correctness of the elected candidate and thus approved the election.

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Election of  George of Poděbrady, the king of Bohemia
After death of the young king Ladislav the Posthumous of leukemia the Bohemian aristocrats elected the provincial administrator George of Poděbrady the new king. He became the first monarch on the Czech throne although he was not of blood royal and despite being elected by the Czech aristocrats only. The reign of George of Poděbrady was successful and the Bohemian lands were prospering under his reign.

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