FREE Pdf Tourist guide PRAGUE CITY LINE – Prague 2

The New Town of Prague is inherently connected to the greatest ruler of Czech history, Charles IV. At the beginning of Charles’ rule, Prague comprised three towns – the Castle, the Lesser Town of Prague, and the Old Town of Prague. Charles IV decided to build another, far more exten-sive town in the bend of the River Vltava, around the walls of the Old Town. And so: “in the year 1348, on the first indiction, on 8 March, in the third year of our rule…” he founded the New Town of Prague.No other construction project of its kind was built in all of Europe in the 14th century. The belt of walls around the New Town was three-and-a-half kilometres long, the wall was six meters tall and reinforced with four-sided towers. According to the sources from that era, the fortifica-tions grew within a mere two years. Access to the city was through four gates – the Hospital Gate, the Mountain Gate, the Horse Gate, and the Swine Gate.

The city had three major squares. The Cattle Market (today’s Charles Square –Karlovo náměstí) was the largest square in medieval Europe and still is the largest in Pra-gue. The Horse Market (today’s Wenceslas Square) also represented a trunk road three quarters of a kilometre long and 60 meters wide, ending with the Horse Gate. The third square and market was the Hay Market (Senovážné Squa-re).

In the extensive area inside the newly erected town walls, a purposefully designed network of roads was eventually created, with some fifteen hundred houses, a town hall, and a number of churches and monasteries. These included the Na Slovanech monastery, in which the King settled Bene-dictine monks who held services in the old-Slavic language. The New Town grew quickly, because the King granted tax relief and numerous advantages to anyone who settled in the town and built a stone house there within 18 months. He had noisy and dirty trades moved to the New Town from the Old Town. The New Town was built accor-ding to a precise plan and under the strict supervision of the ruler himself.
After the establishment of the New Town, Prague comprised four towns, each administered by its own administration and holding different privileges and prerogatives, and also its own coats of arms. The agglomeration of the Prague towns – with 40,000 inhabitants – was one of the largest cities in the Europe of its era.

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Beginning: Karlovo náměstí (Charles Square)
End of the track: Karlovo náměstí (Charles Square)Length of track: 6.5 km
Walking time: 3 hour 30 min
Orientation: educational – historical, scientific, sporting
Difficulty: light
Price level: max. 500 CZK (based on the ticket selection)

Sights on the Route:

(1) New Town Hall
(2) Church of St. Ignatius
(3) Prague Technical
(4) Church of St. Cyrillus and Method
(5) Church of St. Wenceslas to Zderaz
(6) Dancing House
(7) Jirasek Bridge
(8) Palacky Bridge
(9) Faust´s House
(10) Emmaus, Abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Jerome
(11) Church of St. John of the Litlle Rock, (12) Botanical Gar-dens
(13) Zitek Park
(14) Podskalska Customs House
(15) Railrouad Bridge
(16) Vysehrad Castle
(17) Cubist Hou-ses
(18) Church of the Virgin Mary and St. Charlemange
(19) Municipal Maternity Clinic of St. Apollinaire
(20) St. Apollinaire Church
(21) Hrdlicka Museum of Man
(22) Antonin Dvorak Museum
(23) Church of St. Katherine
(24) St. Longinus Rotunda
(25) Church of St. Stephen
(x) St. Ludmila´s Church
(y) Pavilion in Havlickovy Gardens

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