Prague Boats

Route Prague 2

Welcome on the tourist route the historical center of Prague 2

Prague 2 - Dancing house The New Town of Prague is inherently connected to the greatest ruler of Czech history, Charles IV.

At the beginning of Charles’ rule, Prague comprised three towns – the Castle, the Lesser Town of Prague, and the Old Town of Prague. Charles IV decided to build another, far more extensive town in the bend of the River Vltava, around the walls of the Old Town. And so: “in the year 1348, on the first indiction, on 8 March, in the third year of our rule…” he founded the New Town of Prague.

No other construction project of its kind was built in all of Europe in the 14th century. The belt of walls around the New Town was three-and-a-half kilometres long, the wall was six meters tall and reinforced with four-sided towers. According to the sources from that era, the fortifications grew within a mere two years. Access to the city was through four gates – the Hospital Gate, the Mountain Gate, the Horse Gate, and the Swine Gate.

The city had three major squares. The Cattle Market (today’s Charles Square –Karlovo náměstí) was the largest square in medieval Europe and still is the largest in Prague. The Horse Market (today’s Wenceslas Square) also represented a trunk road three quarters of a kilometre long and 60 meters wide, ending with the Horse Gate. The third square and market was the Hay Market (Senovážné Square).

In the extensive area inside the newly erected town walls, a purposefully designed network of roads was eventually created, with some fifteen hundred houses, a town hall, and a number of churches and monasteries. These included the Na Slovanech monastery, in which the King settled Benedictine monks who held services in the old-Slavic language.

Prague 2, Emmaus (Emauzy) - garden The New Town grew quickly, because the King granted tax relief and numerous advantages to anyone who settled in the town and built a stone house there within 18 months. He had noisy and dirty trades moved to the New Town from the Old Town. The New Town was built according to a precise plan and under the strict supervision of the ruler himself.

After the establishment of the New Town, Prague comprised four towns, each administered by its own administration and holding different privileges and prerogatives, and also its own coats of arms.

The agglomeration of the Prague towns – with 40,000 inhabitants – was one of the largest cities in the Europe of its era.

The subsequent history of the New Town of Prague was closely connected to the fate of Prague as a whole.

In 1419, King Wenceslas IV installed a new, pro-Hussite town council in the New Town. The council soon imprisoned several radical Hussites. On 30 July of the same year, a crowd of Hussites came up to the town hall. The councillors, expecting expeditious aid from the Castle, responded to the demands for the release of the prisoners only by curses and stone-throwing. The people broke through the gate, got into the town hall, and threw the councillors out the windows and onto pikes and swords that they held up. The First Defenestration of Prague ignited the Hussite Revolution.

Vysehrad In 1784, the four towns of Prague were merged – the Old Town, the New Town, the Lesser Quarter, and the Castle – into one unit, the City of Prague. The formerly independent administrations were centred in the hands of the City Hall which sat at the Old Town Hall.

In 1848, the so-called St. Wenceslas (National) Committee was set up in Prague 2. It was elected at a meeting of the no-longer existing St. Wenceslas Spa, on 3 March 1848, and it steered a petition movement for constitutional freedoms. On 2 June of the same year, the Slavic Convention took place in Prague at Žofín – the first gathering of the representatives of Slavic nations in the Habsburg monarchy. The object of the convention was to try to discuss the possibility of transforming Austria into a federative state in which Slavic nations would find a respectable position under Habsburg rule.

In the 1870s, the tearing down of outdated buildings commenced in Prague. For the New Town of Prague, that meant an easier way to merge with neighbouring boroughs, primarily Royal Vinohrady, Nusle, and Žižkov. The Vinohrady part of Prague 2 received an immense impulse for rapid development with the tearing down of the walls. At the end of the 19th century, Prague, after years of stagnation, set out on the path to being a modern European city.

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MONUMENTS ON THE ROUTE PRAGUE CITY LINE Prague 2:

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0.   Charles Square (Karlovo náměstí)
1.   New Town Hall (Novoměstská radnice)
2.   Church of St. Ignatius (kostel sv. Ignáce)
3.   Budova ČVUT na Karlově náměstí
4.   The church of Sts. Cyrillus and Method and Memorial to the Heroes of the Heydrich terror
5.   Kostel sv. Václava na Zderaz
6.   Dancing House (Tančící dům)
7.   Alois Jirasek Square and Bridge (Jiráskovo náměstí a Jiráskův most)
8.   Palacky Bridge and Square (Palackého most a náměstí)
9.   The Faust´s house ( Faustův dům)
10. Emmaus, Abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Jerome (Emauzy)
11. Church of  St.John of the Little Rock (Kostel sv. Jana na Skalce)
12. The Botanical Garden (Botanická zahrada)
13. Zítkovy sady a pomník věnovaný legionářům
14. Podskalská celnice na Výtoni
15. Železniční most
16. Vyšehrad
Bazilika sv. Petra a Pavla
Rotunda sv. Martina
Bazilika sv. Vavřince
Vyšehradský hřbitov a Slavín
Vyšehradské sady
17. Kubistické domy
18. Church of the Virgin Mary and Saint Charlemagne – Police Museum (Kostel Panny Marie a Karla Velikého – Muzeum Policie)
19. Municipal maternity clinic of St. Apollinaire(Nemocnice u Apolináře)
20.St. Apollinaire Church (Kostel sv. Apolináře)
21.Hrdličkovo muzeum Člověka
22.Muzeum Antonína Dvořáka – Michnův letohrádek
23.Kostel a a bývalý klášter sv. Kateřiny
24.Rotunda sv. Longina
25. St. Stephen ´s Church (Kostel sv. Štěpána)

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MONUMENTS OUTSIDE THE PRAGUE CITY LINE ROUTE Prague 2:

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x. The Nuselsky Bridge (Nuselský most)

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Find your favorite location on the map:

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načítám mapu - prosím čekejte...

All monuments Prague 2: 50.070886, 14.420500

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DOWNLOAD: Tourist guide PRAGUE PRAGUE CITY LINE Prague 2

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20150907-Průvodce_Praha 2_eng_uvodni_strana

  Tourist guide PRAGUE CITY LINE - Prague 2 (15,1 MiB)

Updated: 9.11.2015 – In the guide will find a map. The map shows tourist route. This route we recommend as the best way through Prague 2, you will see all the most important. In the map are marked stops at major sights, the description in the text guide. You will also find links to museums, restaurants, hotels and other services that offer discounts or we recommend for the quality of services.

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PHOTO GALLERY :

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obálky průvodců PCL

Enjoy a sights and life in Prague - Download FREE Guides !

Discover the most beautiful sights and places of Prague. Discover the real life of Praguers. Enjoy prepared vouchers in guidebooks. DOWNLOAD FREE GUIDES !

» More »