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The Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn with its 80m high twin towers, of which the southernmost is noticeable thicker than the other, competes with the tower of the Old Town Hall across the square.
During the Hussite wars the Týn Church was the main place of worship for the Old Town and played an important role in the Hussite cause. From 1427 Jan Rokycana, later elected as Hussite archbishop, served as a priest there.
According to legend, in 1437 the timber meant for the construction of the roof of the main Hussite church in Prague was used to build the gaols for the Hussite leader Jan Roháč z Dubé. 20 years later the timber used to build the roof was to have been used for the stage at the wedding of King Ladislav Pohrobek. The young regent died just before his wedding day.
The interior decoration of the Church dates chiefly from the 15th century. Visitors will find a Gothic stone pulpit, a Gothic tin font, statues of St John and the Virgin Mary and a statue of the Týn Madonna with Child, which dates back to around 1420.
The most beautiful stonework in the church is considered to be the canopy above the tomb of bishop Lucián z Mirandoly by Matěj Rejsek (builder of the Powder Tower) from the end of the 15th century.
We can also find statues by Jan Jiří Bendl and paintings by artists such as Škréta – the main altar of the Ascension of the Virgin Mary, the altar of St Barbora on the right and the Annunciation, St Vojtěch a St Joseph are all his works.
In the south nave and on the altar of St Anne we find paintings by Brandl and on the third pillar in the church there is a carved Renaissance altar from around 1600.
One of the most celebrated works of art in the church is the tomb with a portrait of Tycho de Brahe, the world famous astronomist and astrologist who worked at the famous court of Rudolf II.
Our Lady Before Týn
Staromestské námestí 604
Praha 1 – Staré Mesto
Phone: 222 318 186
Opening hours: daily
Barrier-Free Entry: yes
Tram: 17, 18, 53 Staroměstská (then walk along Kaprova street)
Bus: 133 Staroměstská (then walk along Kaprova street)
Metro: A – Staroměstská (then walk along Kaprova street)
GPS: 50°5’15.709″N, 14°25’21.064″E
More links here:
All about: Prague 1 Monuments
All about: Prague 2 Monuments
All about: Prague 3 Monuments
All about: Prague Castle
All about: Royal route and the coronation of King
All about: Jewish Prague
All about: Old Town Square
All about: Petrin Hill
All about: Prague gardens and Parks