Prague Boats

Synagogue in Prague

Pha1 - Staronova synagoga031

What is the purpose of the synagogues? Why no pictures of humans, even saints, can be found in the synagogues? Which synagogue is the greatest? And did you know that the famous generic cialis onlineGolem is likely to wander through the streets of Prague?

--Central page: all about Jewish Prague more click here

WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE SYNAGOGUES? Old-new synagogue (1836)
The name itself will help – the word synagogue is derived from the Greek term for gathering (συναγωγη, synagógé). It is a Jewish sanctuary which has more purposes. The first and most important purpose are naturally the sacral gatherings, however the Jews meet here for social purposes or because of religious studies. Often the term „synagogue“ stands for an entire complex of the buildings. We will also find the rabbi here who looks after the whole object. The main hall is always the most important and is used for the services. In the past the synagogue served as sanctuary, school and the scene of public dealings, only later the first religious function prevailed and for the other two special buildings were established – midraš and the Jewish townhall.

obálky průvodců PCL

Enjoy a sights and life in Prague - Download FREE Guides !

Discover the most beautiful sights and places of Prague. Discover the real life of Praguers. Enjoy prepared vouchers in guidebooks. DOWNLOAD FREE GUIDES !

» More »

SOME FACTS ABOUT THE HISTORY Old Jewish Town and Synagogue Cikánova
According to traditions the history of a synagogue dates back to the 10th century BC when the first Jewish temple had been founded – „The first temple“, sometimes also called Solomon´s temple. However, it was destroyed during Babylonian captivity of the Jews under the reign of the noted Nabuchadnezzar II at the beginning of the 6th century BC and the Jews were forced to leave to Babylon. Those who managed to return to the homeland built the Second temple and they had no more to be afraid of persecutions, for the newly published decree declared religious freedom. Unfortunatelly, we cannot see this temple any more because it was burnt down by Roman troops in 70 AD.

WHAT DOES A SYNAGOGUE LOOK LIKE? Old-new synagogue - interior (1836)
Initially we need to say there is actually no obligatory image followed by the synagogue builders. As for the construction, the synagogues do origin from the Near East just like the mosques, yet there are far more differences between them. There is a separated space for women in the orthodox synagogues, on the other hand the reformed synagogues are very close to the Christian churches and both women and men attend the services together. The fundamantal distinction is the fact that no portraits of humans, for instance in the image of statues which could be interpreted as idolatry – which is forbidden by one of the Ten Commandments, it could namely end up in idolatry of something not being a God and which would basically deprive the God himself of the demonstations of devotion. There is another important rule – the synagogues are east-oriented, i.e. towards Israel. And what about the Israeli synagogues? They are standing in direction of Jerusalem. And the synagogues in Jerusalem towards the Temple Mount. In the east side (oriented towards Jerusalem) a sanctuary (aron ha-Kodeš) is to be found. It contains the scrolls of the Torah, their number depends on the actual synagogue. We will also find the „eternal light“ (ner tamid) in the synagogue. It symbolizes the continuously burning menorah (מנורה, the sevenbranched canddelabrum, traditional symbol of Judaism. There are several interpretations of this term – seven branches of the candelabrum are related to seven days of genesis or to the burning bush which was according to the Torah seen by Moses on the Mount Sinai. Perhaps one more remark – why is the floor of a synagogue often below the level of the neighbouring ground? Simply, in order to meet the verse of the Psalm 130, 1: „Out of bottomless depth I am calling for you, my Lord.“

SEVERAL INTERESTING „BESTs“ High synagogue in town of Pilsner

THE WORLD´S GREATEST
synagogue is currently Bejt ha-midraš Ger. It is to be found in Jerusalem and it will literally impress you due its size – it has capacity of more than 8 500 places.

THE GREATEST synagogue OUTSIDE ISRAEL
is in New York.

THE EUROPEAN GREATEST
synagogue is in Budapest, the second greatest synagogue in Plzeň.

PRAGUE´S BEST – STARONOVÁ SYNAGOGA (OLD-NEW SYNAGOGUE)
Old-New Synagogue (czech: Staronová synagoga) is the longest-operating synagogue in the world. Besides, it is the second-oldest world´ s synagogue. It was built in the first half of the 13th century and it is one of the early Gothic Prague´s monuments.

The first room we enter is the entrance hall where two money boxes for tax collectors used to stand. The entrance to the main hall is formed by a gateway on whose frontispiece we can spot the motive of vine with twelve wine grapes – probably a symbol representing twelve Istraeli tribes.
The main hall is divided in two aisles, separated by octahedral pillars. Symbolically, there are twelve windows on the walls again. The ceiling arch is formed by five ribs to avoid making a cross. A curiosity is a flag with the sign of the Prague´s Jewish community. It is formed by the Star of David with a pointed Jewish hat in its centre. That comes from the period when the Prague´s Jews, when leaving the ghetto, had to wear such label. The flag is related to the privileges, which were given to the Jewish Town by Charles IV.
The third part of the synagogue is formed by a female room used mainly as an oratory.

FINALLY A BIT OF MYSTERY…
There is an ancient legend related to the Old-New Synagogue. Rabbi Löw is supposed to have placed Golem in its garret and he had forbidden everyone to go there. However, some people ignored the restriction and they tried to reveal the mystery of the famous Golem. One of them was the „furious reporter“ Egon Erwin Kisch but he found nothing in there. Or perhaps Golem got bored of the waiting – who knows.

All about: Prague 1 Monuments

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

GENERAL INFORMATION ON JUDAISM:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Life in the name of the Torah 
Jewish traditions and customs

Meaning of „Kosher“
Synagogue
Jewish prayer 
Mordechai Maisel

Rabi Löw
Franz Kafka 
Noted Jewish Personalities
 
Legend of Prague´s Golem

History of the Jewish inhabitants in the Czech lands
Sanitation of the Jewish ghetto

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Map of the Old Jewish Town- Josefov  in Prague:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

načítám mapu - prosím čekejte...

Pinkasova synagoga: 50.089283, 14.417005
Starý židovský hřbitov: 50.088983, 14.417166
Maiselova synagoga: 50.088781, 14.418677
Obřadní síň - budova pražského Pohřebního bratrstva: 50.090037, 14.417031
Staronová synagoga: 50.089926, 14.418488
Klausová synagoga: 50.090350, 14.421120
Vysoká synagoga a židovská radnice: 50.089971, 14.418582
Španělská synagoga: 50.090209, 14.421019
Jewish Museum in Prague (Židovské muzeum): 50.090649, 14.420930

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

MAIN MONUMENTS OF THE PRAGUE OLD JEWISH TOWN:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Prague Jewish Town – Josefov (Pražské židovské město)
Maisel Synagogue (Maiselova synagoga)
Pinkas Synagogue (Pinkasova synagoga)
Old Jewish Cemetery (Starý Židovský Hřbitov)
Klausen Synagogue (Klausová synagoga)
Jewish Ceremonial Hall – building of Prague Burial Society
Old New Synagogue (Staronová Synagoga)
Jewish Town Hall (Židovská radnice)
High Synagogue (Vysoká synagoga) 
Spanish Synagogue (Španělská synagoga)
Jewish Museum (Židovské muzeum)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Map of the other Jewish Monuments in Prague:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

načítám mapu - prosím čekejte...

Židovské památky mimo cetrum: 50.087371, 14.420820

Jubilee Synagogue in Jerusalem Street (Jubilejní synagoga v Jerusalémské ulici)
The Old Jewish Cemetery in Prague´s Žižkov(Starý židovský hřbitov na Žižkově)
New Jewish Cemetery (Nový židovský hřbitov)
Smíchov Synagogue (Smíchovská synagoga)
Old Jewish Cemetery in Smíchov
(Starý židovský hřbitov na Smíchově)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

DOWNLOAD: Tourist guide PRAGUE PRAGUE CITY LINE 1

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Průvodce Praha 1 - ENG - úvodní stránka

  Tourist guide PRAGUE CITY LINE - Prague 1 (14,7 MiB)

Prague 1 still belongs to one of the most attractive parts of the whole Prague. Probably nowhere else you can find such a concentration of historic monuments and places where the history and romance of bygone times are all around you. Hardly anywhere you can walk on the same paths where were walking Franz Kafka, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and the Golem of Prague.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

PHOTO GALLERY :

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

.

Route Prague 1

PRAGUECITYLINE Prague 1

Discover the most beautiful sights of Prague. Review the educational route PRAGUECITYLINE Prague 1. All sights are described with lots of pictures.Click here

» More »


Karluv most101109_044

Traditional Royal Route

Take the traditional route of Czech kings. Discover the most interesting sights of Prague. Everything is described in articles and accompanied by lots of photos. Click here to get on the page of the Royal Route.

» More »


Banner 50x50px

Prague Candy Festival 2017

The sweetest festival of the year in hotel Pyramida! All the sweets lovers are meeting at 8th April 2017 from 12 till 19 pm at hotel Pyramida where the second year of Prague candy festival is held.

» More »


PB_praguelin_230x230

ONE-HOUR RIVER CRUISE

A cruise is truly one of the most delightful ways to see the beauties on offer in the historical centre of Prague. During the cruise you will get unforgettable views from the deck, refreshing drinks and a fascinating commented tour.

» More »


Staromestske namesti

Old Town Square

Come with us and explore the real heart of Prague. Do you know the secret of the Old Town Astronomical Clock? Do you know where to find the Prague Meridian and the meaning of the crosses on the paving stones? Click here and explore the Old Town Square on your own!

» More »


Hotel Aria_105x150

Enjoy a beautiful view of Prague!

The roof terrace restaurant Coda is open to all lovers of great gastronomy and unique views of the city. The terrace offers a 360° view of the entire Prague and looking at all the treasures of the Golden City.

» More »


obálky průvodců PCL

Enjoy a sights and life in Prague - Download FREE Guides !

Discover the most beautiful sights and places of Prague. Discover the real life of Praguers. Enjoy prepared vouchers in guidebooks. DOWNLOAD FREE GUIDES !

» More »

« « Meaning of Kosher – Jewish Prague | Old Jewish Cemetery (Starý Židovský Hřbitov) » »