Prague Boats

Franz Kafka

Franz Kafka ranks without doubt among the most significant personalities of our history, inseparably related to Judaism. This recognized Prague writer is one of the most influential and most respected writers of the 20th century. Let´s discover more about the history of a man who had markedly influenced many world´ s authors.

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Franz Kafka was born on June 3rd, 1883 in Old Town of Prague. Together with his parents and siblings he lived in the Old Town. His father was a Jewish wholesale merchant and he did not have a very good relationship with his son.

Student years Franz Kafka - The Metamorphosis
Franz Kafka´s mother tongue was German so he first attended a German Elmentary School for Boys in Masná street in Prague. Then he studied at the German State Gymnasium in Golz-Kinsky-Palace which was located in Staroměstské náměstí (Old Town Square) in Prague. He studied there until 1901 when he started the 6-years studies of the Law at the German part of the Charles-Ferdinand University. He graduated in 1906, whereby he received the title Juris Doctor. Besides his mother tongue he could speak other world languages, however he naturally spoke Czech. It is interesting, that he could not speak Hebrew at all dispite his Jewish origin. He had started to learn this language shortly before he died.

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Work experience
After Franz Kafka had graduated and become Doctor of Law he started to work for an Assicurazioni Generali insurance company. He changed his workplace very soon and started to work in Dělnická úrazová pojišťovna (Worker´s Accident Insurance Institute) first as a clerk and after some time as a secretary. In spite of his work success he found out that the work could not make him happy. He tended towards literature and arts intensely. Writing was everything to him, and so in 1908 he published his first texts. They were published in a Munich magazine called Hyperon. During his studies he met his lifelong friend Max Brod, who was his friend until his death. The most noted works of Franz Kafka are represented by the novels The Trial, the Castle and The Metamorphosis. During his life Kafka published plenty of novels, yet the most important works were published posthumously.

End of his life Grave of Franz Kafka in New Jewish Cemetery
Franz Kafka is a German-writing author. His translator and old friend Milena Jesenská who translated Kafka´s texts into Czech played important part for the Czech readers. In 1923 Franz left his native Prague for German Berlin he fully devoted to writing. Shortly afterwards he fell ill with laryngeal tuberculosis, of which causes he died on June 3rd, 1924 in the Kierling sanatorium by Klosterneuburg in Lower Austria.

Franz Kafka is buried in the family tomb in the New Jewish Cemetery in Prague-Strašnice. In his last will Kafka requested to destroy all his unfinished works which had not been published so far. However his old friend Max Brod did not content his testament and he published the works. So the world could discover many of his significant works which had influenced a lot of world´s authors and intellectual streams.

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GENERAL INFORMATION ON JUDAISM:

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Life in the name of the Torah 
Jewish traditions and customs

Meaning of „Kosher“
Synagogue
Jewish prayer 
Mordechai Maisel

Rabi Löw
Franz Kafka 
Noted Jewish Personalities
 
Legend of Prague´s Golem

History of the Jewish inhabitants in the Czech lands
Sanitation of the Jewish ghetto

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Map of the Old Jewish Town- Josefov  in Prague:

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Pinkasova synagoga: 50.089283, 14.417005
Starý židovský hřbitov: 50.088983, 14.417166
Maiselova synagoga: 50.088781, 14.418677
Obřadní síň - budova pražského Pohřebního bratrstva: 50.090037, 14.417031
Staronová synagoga: 50.089926, 14.418488
Klausová synagoga: 50.090350, 14.421120
Vysoká synagoga a židovská radnice: 50.089971, 14.418582
Španělská synagoga: 50.090209, 14.421019
Jewish Museum in Prague (Židovské muzeum): 50.090649, 14.420930

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MAIN MONUMENTS OF THE PRAGUE OLD JEWISH TOWN:

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Prague Jewish Town – Josefov (Pražské židovské město)
Maisel Synagogue (Maiselova synagoga)
Pinkas Synagogue (Pinkasova synagoga)
Old Jewish Cemetery (Starý Židovský Hřbitov)
Klausen Synagogue (Klausová synagoga)
Jewish Ceremonial Hall – building of Prague Burial Society
Old New Synagogue (Staronová Synagoga)
Jewish Town Hall (Židovská radnice)
High Synagogue (Vysoká synagoga) 
Spanish Synagogue (Španělská synagoga)
Jewish Museum (Židovské muzeum)

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Map of the other Jewish Monuments in Prague:

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Židovské památky mimo cetrum: 50.087371, 14.420820

Jubilee Synagogue in Jerusalem Street (Jubilejní synagoga v Jerusalémské ulici)
The Old Jewish Cemetery in Prague´s Žižkov(Starý židovský hřbitov na Žižkově)
New Jewish Cemetery (Nový židovský hřbitov)
Smíchov Synagogue (Smíchovská synagoga)
Old Jewish Cemetery in Smíchov
(Starý židovský hřbitov na Smíchově)

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DOWNLOAD: Tourist guide PRAGUE PRAGUE CITY LINE 1

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Průvodce Praha 1 - ENG - úvodní stránka

  Tourist guide PRAGUE CITY LINE - Prague 1 (14,7 MiB)

Prague 1 still belongs to one of the most attractive parts of the whole Prague. Probably nowhere else you can find such a concentration of historic monuments and places where the history and romance of bygone times are all around you. Hardly anywhere you can walk on the same paths where were walking Franz Kafka, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and the Golem of Prague.

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PHOTO GALLERY :

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Route Prague 1

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Enjoy a sights and life in Prague - Download FREE Guides !

Discover the most beautiful sights and places of Prague. Discover the real life of Praguers. Enjoy prepared vouchers in guidebooks. DOWNLOAD FREE GUIDES !

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