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The facade of the Church of St. Nicholas is one of the landmarks of the Old Town Square in Prague. The history of the Baroque church is very rich and
we want to introduce it to you now. We will also take you inside where you can admire the original decorations. At present, the church is popular not just because of the services but also due to regular musical concerts.
Construction of the church
The Baroque Church of St. Nicholas was built in the Old Town Square between 1732 – 1737. There used to be a Romanesque chapel in this place which later burnt down. The new Baroque church was built by one of the most important architects of that period – Kilián Ignác Dientzenhofer. The church was dedicated to St. Nicholas, patron of merchants, sailors and other professions related to the water. Saint Nicholas also represented the protector of the municipal autonomy. Later, the church was used by the Benedictine Order. As as result of the Josephine reforms, the church of St.Nicholas was closed in the 18th century.
In the mid 19th century patriotism started to grow and the church became an Orthodox church. Then the period of WW1 followed and the monument was used as a storage and occasionally as a presidiary church. A few years later the Czechoslovakian Hussite Church was founded here which still resides in here. The church became popular place for concerts which, due to perfect acoustics and the sound of the 18th-century organ, are a really strong cultural experience.
Interior of the church
When visiting the church you will certainly be enchanted by the gorgeous ceiling decorations. The fresco paintings represent the lives of the Saint Nicholas and Saint Benedictus and the motives from the Old Testament. The decoration was performed by the painter Kosmas Damián Assam. The whole interior is decorated by gorgeous stucco ornaments of Bernardo Spinetti. One of the dominating features of the church is the crown chandelier given as as present by Tsar Nicholas II. Only very little original furniture has been preserved until today. Beside the already mentioned organ also the altar (from 1737) and the wooden pulpit are original. In 1906 the church corner was decorated by a niche with the statue of St. Nicholas and by Classicist fountain with the dolphins.
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Staroměstské náměstí (Old Town Square)
Praha 1 – Staré Město (Prague 1 – Old Town)
Mon – Sun: 10.00 am – 4.00 pm and during services
Entrance fees: no
Barrier-free access: no
Tram: 17, 18, 53 Staroměstská (then follow the street Kaprova)
Bus: 133 Staroměstská (then follow the street Kaprova)
Metro: A – Staroměstská (then follow the street Kaprova)
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