Sanitation of the Jewish ghetto in Prague

ghetto-cervena-ulice-kolem-1900

Due to the sanitation of the Jewish Town Prague has lost a unique and worldwide exceptional cultural landmark. The decision to sanitize or partly pull down the Jewish ghetto was taken at the turn of the 19th and 20th century in order to solve the disastrous social conditions and mainly the hygienic situation of the ghetto. Let´s look closer what had preceeded this radical and tragic solution.

Central page: all about Jewish Prague more click here

Reasons for the sanitation Old Jewish Town  - Velkodovorská synagoga (1903)
For long centuries, the Jews had to live in overcrowded territory, fenced by barbed wire. Due to the Edicts (laws) of the Emperor Francis II and mainly due to the abolishment of the internation law of the Jews in ghettos the Jews are very quickly moving beyond the boundaries of the Jewish Town. The ghetto became a territory of the Prague´s poor, beggars, junk dealers and weird individuals Due to their failure to pay the rents it is common that a two-room flat is occupied by 3 and even more families. It is even possible to see white lines on the floors of the rooms dividing one family´s living space from another. The hygienic conditions in the gheto are catastrophic. Diseases and crime spread in there. It is impossible to detect and solve the property relations to the buildings. As a result it was decided to confiscate and pull the former Jewish ghetto down.

obálky průvodců PCL

Enjoy a sights and life in Prague - Download FREE Guides !

Discover the most beautiful sights and places of Prague. Discover the real life of Praguers. Enjoy prepared vouchers in guidebooks. DOWNLOAD FREE GUIDES !

» More »

Sanation process. Old Jewish Town - Silesova street (1898)
We are entering the end of the 19th century when people were enthusiastic about everything new and modern in general. It is a public interest to gain the new plots and buildings. And above all, there was no such law at that time that would protect the landmarks. In 1893 the sanation plan is being approved according to which 624 houses in the territory of the Old Town of Prague are to be demolished. Due to the arguments and delays with the owners of the houses such an extensive sanation has never taken place. The sanation proceeded at the turn of the century and continued during the period of the First Czechoslovak Republic. One of the last victims of the demolition was the building of the Ritual Reform Society.

Through this building Španělská synagoga (Spanish Synagogue) was entered and you would find the Jewish Museum in place of this building these days.

Consequences of the sanation: Old Jewish Town  - Cikánova synagoga (1897)
More than 150 houses have disappeared as a result of the sanation. We will never see Cikánova synagoga (Gipsy´s Synagogue) and Velkodvorská synagoga (Great-Yard Synagogue) synagogues again. The streets such as ulice jako Hampejská, Úzká, Joachimská or Masařská are gone. Due to the demolitions Prague has lost its unique and worldwide exceptional landmark.

Conclusion:
Nowadays we could find a better solution to the problems of the former ghetto. We would be able to preserve the landmarks for the future generations. On the other hand, no world metropolis could avoid this kind of solution either. So let´s enjoy at least the remains of this mysterious town district.

The articles are divided into thematic parts:

  • In the first part we have prepared general information on Judaism for you.
  • In the second part we will introduce the main view points of the Old Jewish Town to you.
  • And the third part involves other Jewish landmarks of Prague.

How the site Jewish Prague works:

Description of the Jewish Prague is given in form of the articles that can be found below.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

GENERAL INFORMATION ON JUDAISM:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Life in the name of the Torah 
Jewish traditions and customs

Meaning of „Kosher“
Synagogue
Jewish prayer 
Mordechai Maisel

Rabi Löw
Franz Kafka 
Noted Jewish Personalities
 
Legend of Prague´s Golem

History of the Jewish inhabitants in the Czech lands
Sanitation of the Jewish ghetto

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Map of the Old Jewish Town- Josefov  in Prague:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

načítám mapu - prosím čekejte...

Pinkasova synagoga: 50.089283, 14.417005
Starý židovský hřbitov: 50.088983, 14.417166
Maiselova synagoga: 50.088781, 14.418677
Obřadní síň - budova pražského Pohřebního bratrstva: 50.090037, 14.417031
Staronová synagoga: 50.089926, 14.418488
Klausová synagoga: 50.090350, 14.421120
Vysoká synagoga a židovská radnice: 50.089971, 14.418582
Španělská synagoga: 50.090209, 14.421019
Jewish Museum in Prague (Židovské muzeum): 50.090649, 14.420930

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

MAIN MONUMENTS OF THE PRAGUE OLD JEWISH TOWN:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Prague Jewish Town – Josefov (Pražské židovské město)
Maisel Synagogue (Maiselova synagoga)
Pinkas Synagogue (Pinkasova synagoga)
Old Jewish Cemetery (Starý Židovský Hřbitov)
Klausen Synagogue (Klausová synagoga)
Jewish Ceremonial Hall – building of Prague Burial Society
Old New Synagogue (Staronová Synagoga)
Jewish Town Hall (Židovská radnice)
High Synagogue (Vysoká synagoga) 
Spanish Synagogue (Španělská synagoga)
Jewish Museum (Židovské muzeum)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Map of the other Jewish Monuments in Prague:

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

načítám mapu - prosím čekejte...

Židovské památky mimo cetrum: 50.087371, 14.420820

Jubilee Synagogue in Jerusalem Street (Jubilejní synagoga v Jerusalémské ulici)
The Old Jewish Cemetery in Prague´s Žižkov(Starý židovský hřbitov na Žižkově)
New Jewish Cemetery (Nový židovský hřbitov)
Smíchov Synagogue (Smíchovská synagoga)
Old Jewish Cemetery in Smíchov
(Starý židovský hřbitov na Smíchově)

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

DOWNLOAD: Tourist guide PRAGUE PRAGUE CITY LINE 1

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

Průvodce Praha 1 - ENG - úvodní stránka

  Tourist guide PRAGUE CITY LINE - Prague 1 (unknown)

Prague 1 still belongs to one of the most attractive parts of the whole Prague. Probably nowhere else you can find such a concentration of historic monuments and places where the history and romance of bygone times are all around you. Hardly anywhere you can walk on the same paths where were walking Franz Kafka, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and the Golem of Prague.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

PHOTO GALLERY :

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………

.

Route Prague 1

PRAGUECITYLINE Prague 1

Discover the most beautiful sights of Prague. Review the educational route PRAGUECITYLINE Prague 1. All sights are described with lots of pictures.Click here

» More »


Karluv most101109_044

Traditional Royal Route

Take the traditional route of Czech kings. Discover the most interesting sights of Prague. Everything is described in articles and accompanied by lots of photos. Click here to get on the page of the Royal Route.

» More »


Banner 50x50px

Prague Candy Festival 2017

The sweetest festival of the year in hotel Pyramida! All the sweets lovers are meeting at 8th April 2017 from 12 till 19 pm at hotel Pyramida where the second year of Prague candy festival is held.

» More »


PB_praguelin_230x230

ONE-HOUR RIVER CRUISE

A cruise is truly one of the most delightful ways to see the beauties on offer in the historical centre of Prague. During the cruise you will get unforgettable views from the deck, refreshing drinks and a fascinating commented tour.

» More »


Staromestske namesti

Old Town Square

Come with us and explore the real heart of Prague. Do you know the secret of the Old Town Astronomical Clock? Do you know where to find the Prague Meridian and the meaning of the crosses on the paving stones? Click here and explore the Old Town Square on your own!

» More »


Hotel Aria_105x150

Enjoy a beautiful view of Prague!

The roof terrace restaurant Coda is open to all lovers of great gastronomy and unique views of the city. The terrace offers a 360° view of the entire Prague and looking at all the treasures of the Golden City.

» More »


obálky průvodců PCL

Enjoy a sights and life in Prague - Download FREE Guides !

Discover the most beautiful sights and places of Prague. Discover the real life of Praguers. Enjoy prepared vouchers in guidebooks. DOWNLOAD FREE GUIDES !

» More »

« « History of the Jewish inhabitants in the Czech lands | Jewish Ceremonial Hall – building of Prague Burial Society » »